Humankind has always known at some level that they will account for their works done in this life

10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him;
He has put Him to grief.
When You make His soul an offering for sin,
He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days,
And the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand.
11 He shall see the labor of His soul,[a] and be satisfied.
By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many,
For He shall bear their iniquities.

— Isaiah 53:10-11

Sin Bearer or Sin Eater PP